Metabolic syndrome diagnosis
To diagnose must go to the nearest lab and examine the level of triglycerides, cholesterol, glucose and perform liver tests. It applies to any person who has them meals on the run, and between fast food and sweet snacks, to spend many hours at the computer or behind the wheel, and to de-stress drink alcohol and smoke cigarettes.
The word "team" means that it is not the disease itself, but a collection of health risks. The metabolic syndrome factors primarily related to lifestyle, which highly increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and diseases of the cardiovascular system (heart attack, stroke, atherosclerosis).
This applies to people who lead unhealthy lifestyles and unsportsmanlike, and so may have abdominal obesity (waist circumference above 80 cm) and high blood pressure (above 130/85 mm HG). Such people may cause insulin resistance (and what it goes diabetes) or dyslipidemia (an inadequate level of triglycerides or cholesterol).
All of these factors interact. Obesity is connected to the lack of physical activity causes the resistance of insulin. This in turn makes it reaches elevated levels of insulin and glucose. If the body is kept permanently increased levels of glucose causes multiple organ failure (mainly vascular and kidney) and, consequently diabetes.
Although many people can prevent the occurrence of the metabolic syndrome at home by changing lifestyles, some people are at risk due to uncontrollable factors. Unless we are able to fight with his overweight or obese, you start to do sports, reduce stimulants and reduce the amount of fats and processed carbohydrates in meals, so much there are genetic factors over which we have no influence.
They concern people, in families where there were already cases of type 2 diabetes, heart disease or hypertension. Also important is the fact that the risk of this syndrome increases with age.
Metabolic syndrome: Glucose tolerance test
It is performed in the case where the result of fasting plasma glucose in two different days will be in the range of 100-125 mg / dl. Then the doctor should order a glucose tolerance test (OGTT). To perform it should be early in the morning, take it on an empty stomach, one of the laboratories, where the patient will have made all the stages of study, ie. The first collection of blood, after which the drink 75 grams of glucose dissolved in a glass of water.
The next two hours it will remain in a seated position, followed by a second collection of blood. The study is therefore to monitor the body's response to a given glucose, analysts must examine how insulin is secreted and how quickly regulates the level of sugar in the blood. The result is necessary to establish the potential of insulin resistance, which is one of the causes of type 1 and 2.
Metabolic syndrome: Study level of triglycerides and cholesterol
Medical analysts mean lipids in order to ascertain if necessary. Dyslipidemia, which are abnormalities in levels of triglycerides and cholesterol, both total and two of his faction. HDL, or high density lipoprotein, is commonly called as so. good cholesterol, is responsible for the transport of cholesterol to liver.
In turn, LDL (low density lipoprotein) is called. bad cholesterol, which, unfortunately, is involved in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques in arteries, which can lead to obstruction of blood flow and myocardial infarction. Dyslipidemia is divided into hypercholesterolemia (excessive levels of total cholesterol), hypertriglyceridemia (elevated triglycerides), or mixed hyperlipidemia, or elevated levels of both bad cholesterol, and triglyceride concentration decreased while good.
Metabolic syndrome: Liver tests
Inadequate nutrition and alcohol abuse taking its toll among liver, which produces and secretes bile into the duodenum, and therefore plays a crucial role in digestion. This organ in people who consume too much fat and alcohol can properly function (eg. to be greasy).
The state of liver cell or hepatocyte provide aminotransferase, or liver enzymes whose activity increases as a result of damage or destruction, eg. hypoxia in or under action of toxins or viruses.
To investigate levels of liver enzymes and bilirubin should be performed in laboratory Diagnostic testing liver function tests: ALT (ALT), AST (AST), ALP (alkaline phosphatase, or basic), bilirubin and GGT (gamma-glutamyl).
In order not to be in group of people affected by metabolic syndrome should be properly eat, avoid in particular products of highly processed foods, simple sugars, sweets and sugary drinks, low-value products.
For this it is advisable to regularly check their body weight and blood pressure and physical activity, minimum 3 times a week. At least once every 3 years, and ideally every year, we should have performed basic blood tests, in particular level of fasting glucose and lipid determination. Such testing is recommended that normally eat a light dinner at. 18 the previous day, and after a night of rest, come in the morning on an empty stomach for examination.