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Periodontitis treatment

Periodontitis - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

What are the symptoms of periodontal disease? What are the causes? How to avoid it? How can it be effectively treated?

Unfortunately, most of us do not know the answers to these questions or recognize them too late - when the symptoms of parodontosis worsen to such an extent that they lead to tooth damage or total loss.

Periodontitis is a periodontal disease, or surrounding structures and maintaining our teeth, such as gums, ligaments (periodontium), alveolar bone, cementum. It is a disease of the joints dental-alveolar.

What are the symptoms of periodontal disease?

When you drink cold or hot drinks you hurt your teeth? While brushing your gums bleed? Your teeth are moving? Affirmative answers to these questions can attest to the fact that, unfortunately, you also touched mouth disease, which is periodontitis.

Tooth sensitivity, bleeding gums both spontaneous and during brushing of teeth displacement in the mouth is - apart to expose the necks of the teeth, swelling of the gums or modified mouth odor - the most common symptoms of periodontal disease, which is the tissue responsible for fixing the teeth. You should also remember that some of these symptoms often come and go.

Recurrent bleeding gums and bad breath let them be so alarming signal to consult as soon as possible ailments of Periodontology, that is a dentist specializing in periodontal disease. This disease starts with because inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) which is difficult to determine, and often unnoticed by the patient.

What are the causes periodontitis?

The most important cause of periodontal disease are bacteria that colonize the root surface of the teeth. These bacteria grow slowly, and with them also develop inflammation that goes deeper and destroys the tissue around the tooth. It leads to a gradual loss of bone and gums, which in turn contributes to loosening of the teeth, bleeding or edema.

How to treat the first signs of periodontitis?

The most effective way to prevent periodontitis is taking care of hygiene and general health of the mouth. But what to do when symptoms first appear? First, limit your drinking strong coffee and tea. Both beverages accelerate plaque formation.

Secondly, remember that smoking weakens the gums. Under the influence of nicotine are less well supplied with blood, they are prone to infection, time of regeneration is much longer. Highest let's get rid of the habit. Thirdly, take care of oral hygiene even better than you did before.

Use for not only the toothbrush, as well as mouthwash or dental floss. Here is how to properly and effectively take care of the oral health ailments associated with parodontosis ask your dentist during the consultation. So much you can do for yourself alone. The rest in the hands of professionals.

How to treat periodontal disease?

The first step is the treatment of inflammatory or those which removes the cause of the disease. In the next stage disease treatment removes the effects of the disease, has the character of repair and regenerative.

What is anti-inflammatory treatment? First of all, removal of the plaque, which is one of the causes of the formation of periodontitis. It is recommended that regular follow-up visits and removing the sediment and tartar.

Another surgical procedure used when periodontal disease is called. curettage, or more precisely the roots of subgingival cleaning. In the treatment of periodontitis also applies repair and regenerative treatments that restore the gums, bones and ligaments around the teeth.

The consequences of periodontitis

The effect of periodontal disease is weakness and loss of structures that surround the teeth. This leads to loosening of the teeth, their movements, and unfortunately for the final loss. Unfortunately, periodontitis may also contribute to systemic complications. Atherosclerotic lesions, heart disease, heart attacks, pneumonia, only a few most important examples thereof, which may cause these bacteria to the blood vessels of the body.


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