Treatment of Crohn's disease
Crohn's disease is one of inflammatory bowel disease which causes inflammation of the mucous membrane, which are formed by ulcers, secondary stenosis, and fistula.
Note! Most patients with exacerbations and symptoms go away in some people for years the symptoms are severe.
Symptoms and complications of Crohn's disease
Typical symptoms of the disease are abdominal pain, which may be present in the right lower abdomen, as with appendicitis. In some patients, the first symptoms are not those of the gastrointestinal tract (diarrhea, bloating, gas), but anemia, elevated temperature, rectal bleeding, weight loss, and joint pain.
Regarding complications, the most common are abscesses around the anus or in the abdomen, fistulas (abnormal connections between different sections of the intestine or between the intestine and other organs), the slots (poorly healing wounds around the anus). Less likely to have total blockage of the intestine.
Other complications of the disease Crohn's include:
- pain and swelling of arthritis, osteoporosis, inflammation of the eye, anemia, weakened immunity, weight loss, skin changes (eg erythema nodosum, which is red, painful subcutaneous nodules that usually occur in the legs), kidney stones, respiratory problems. In children, can lead to growth inhibition.
Note! Crohn's disease hinders the absorption of foods, and this leads to the destruction of the body.
Diet in Crohn's disease
Very important here is diet and proper preparation of meals and dietary supplements.
In the case of exacerbation of the disease should avoid whole-grain bread, cereal, rice paddy, vegetables that bloating (peas, beans, broad beans, soybeans, cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage) and fruits with small seeds, because they can irritate the intestinal mucosa (strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, gooseberries, blueberries, strawberries) and citrus.
Many patients may experience shortages of protein, and thus should then eat a lot of meat, eggs and fish. Diet people with Crohn's should also be supplemented with calcium preparations, omega-3 and folic acid.
It is important that adequate preparation of meals. You should boil the water or steam, shred and wipe, bake in aluminum foil or parchment. People with this disease can not eat foods fried in deep fat and rehashed.
Note! A healthy fat can be added after you prepare food.
Biologics in Crohn's disease
Biological therapy involves the use of a new generation of drugs. These are anti-inflammatory antibodies. Such therapy is much more effective than other treatments, and gives a much more lasting effects.
It mainly extends the periods when there are no symptoms. It also improves the quality of life of patients, and to avoid surgical treatment.
This means ot inter alia, that the fistula (pathological connection between the intestines and other organs) themselves overgrow.
Unfortunately, the treatment is expensive and reimbursed only for the most seriously ill patients.