Diet in atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis - a serious and most common lesion within the inner walls of the arteries. This causes the build up of fatty substances (mainly cholesterol). This causes hardening and thickening of the arterial walls eventually their cross section tapering.
Which favors the formation of atherosclerosis?
Factors leading to increased risk of disease. The risk of atherosclerosis increases sharply when simultaneously there are multiple risk factors.
The main risk factors for atherosclerosis include:
- fat metabolism disorders;
- high blood pressure;
- lack of exercise and stress.
Independent risk factors:
- load hereditary;
- male gender.
Disorders of fat metabolism
First and measurable symptom of such disorders that increase fat and cholesterol in the blood. The primary cause of hyperlipidemia is our wrong way of eating, that's a lot of food, but eating too much sweet and fatty.
This excess leads is that the mechanisms by which fats are processed in the body, are simply overloaded and when the overload takes too long regenerative capacity of the body are not sufficient to prevent the formation to disorders.
Note! These disorders do not cause symptoms, so you do not know whether you are at risk of emergence of atherosclerosis - which is why you need to control the level of cholesterol in the blood.
What is cholesterol?
Too much cholesterol in the blood is harmful. However, it is indispensable for us the substance and plays a major role in metabolism. Is distributed in the body mainly by two types of "transports" LDL and HDL fractions.
During the disturbances of fat metabolism of LDL is not taken by the cells, but circulates in the blood and then comes to his excessive concentration on the walls of the arteries.
The opposite is the function of HDL (good fraction), which transports cholesterol to the liver cell, where it becomes inactive, followed by excretion through the intestine with bile, which promotes HDL cholesterol excretion from the body, and meets the current protective function.
The mainstay of treatment of all types of hyperlipidemia is a nutritional therapy and when it is carried out consistently, it generally brings very good results.
Its task is not only the treatment of metabolic disorders of fat, but also to prevent them.
- meat, meats - lean meat (no visible fat) beef, veal and game;
- poultry - chicken;
- fish - lean species, such as trout, cod, perch;
- fats, sauces, mayonnaise - soybean oil, sunflower oil and margarine that contain these oils;
- eggs, milk, dairy - protein, skim milk, yogurt, lean white cheeses;
- potatoes, cereals, rice, vegetables, fruits, bread-all types;
- breads, cakes - low in fat with skim milk, no egg yolks;
- confectionery - in small amounts, low in fat;
- nuts - all kinds;
- drinks - skim milk, drinks with skim milk, coffee, tea;
- dietary fiber - products rich in fiber, cellulose and pectin highly recommended.
- meat, sausages - fatty meats, including canned goods, meats, offal and ready meats;
- poultry - ducks, geese;
- fish - oily species such as herring, mackerel, caviar, crayfish, oysters;
- fats, sauces, mayonnaise - butter, lard, coconut oil, olive oil;
- eggs, milk, dairy - egg yolk, fatty milk and its derivatives, ice cream, fatty cheese, cream, condensed milk;
- potatoes, cereals, rice, vegetables, fruits, bread-with a large addition of fats;
- breads, cakes - all commercial dough;
- sweets - all commercial dough;
- nuts - coconuts;
- drinks - fat milk, beverages containing alcohol.