Green tea - properties
Green tea produced from unfermented leaves of the plant Camellia sinensis (as Black), whose processing takes place immediately after harvesting. Tea leaves are placed in special containers with water steam (steaming fresh leaves for 1 minute to inactivate the enzyme - polyphenol oxidase, which prevents fermentation) and are then rolled and dried.
Note! Bypassing the fermentation process makes the dry leaves retain their ciemnooliwkowo - green color. Machining, which is subjected to the tea leaves after harvest, gives her three distinctive types: green, black and oolong. Green tea is the least processed and contain the most antioxidants (antioxidants). It is the oldest beverage in the world.
What contain green tea leaves?Green tea:
- It is a rich source of flavonoids, especially of catechins, which represent 30-50% of the components contained in the leaves and 90% of total flavonoids;
- It contains significant amounts of tannins (from 8 to 30%), the most important being tannic acid;
- contains caffeine (teina; to 4%), catechins, sugars, protein compounds, trace amounts of essential oil, resin compounds, organic acids, enzymes, pectins (2-3%), glycosides;
- It contains carotene (provitamin A), vitamin B1, B2, PP, C, P (from plants containing it, tea next buckwheat is the highest) and K
- many minerals and trace elements (fluorine, iron, sodium, calcium, potassium, zinc).
What properties have green tea?
- regulates digestion;
- It has bactericidal and bacteriostatic properties;
- exhibits weak diuretic (preferably it is as an adjunct in the treatment of hematuria, and nephritis);
- It has a positive effect on the liver, kidneys, adrenal glands and spleen, respiratory system, skin, vascular system;
- regulates blood circulation, regulates blood pressure, strengthens capillaries on;
- has a beneficial effect on the human nervous system, removes fatigue, headache, stimulates and activates the mental work, primarily thanks to the fact that dilates the blood vessels of the brain, causing it to better blood flow and oxygenation;
- according to Japanese researchers found in green tea is the secret of long life, because the ingredients that contains tend to hinder the aging process;
- cold brew is indicated for eye wash in conjunctivitis.
Note! Consuming green tea can reduce the risk of cancer. This is probably by reducing the free radicals in the body.
Note! The only limitation seems to be the caffeine content in tea, the daily intake should not exceed 400 mg.
The most popular green teaSencha - is a very popular Japanese tea. It has a unique and exquisite taste. It is a long, narrow, compressed needles that developed in water. It gives bright green brew of mild to slightly tart taste of fruit. Often a base for flavored teas.
How to brew: 1 level teaspoon per cup pour water with a temperature of 70-80 ° C, brew for 3-4 minutes.
Bancha - Japanese tea with thick, irregular, yellow-brown leaves. It is often used as a basic ingredient of tea aromat.Ma mild, tangy, slightly fishy taste.
How to brew: 1 slightly heaped teaspoon per cup pour white boiling water, brew about 3 minutes.
Green Jade Rings - Chinese green tea. It is a feast not only for the palate, but also for the eye. Leaves twisted and dried on the threads of cotton, or hemp, under the influence of white boiling develop and brew will become pleasantly fruity character.
How to brew: 1 teaspoon per cup. Pour water at about 80 ° C, vapor of about 3-4 minutes.
Chun Mee - Chinese tea produced in large quantities. Green leaves, short even tea with a slightly tart spicy taste.
How to brew: 1 teaspoon per cup, brew about 3 minutes.
Cui Ya - very good Chinese tea from the region Anhuis. It owes its name to the emerald-greened appearance leaves, which are long, slightly open, with a small amount of silver powder. It has a delicate and mild flavor that is reminiscent of sweet peaches. This is one of the finest teas of the highest quality.
How to brew: 1 teaspoon per cup, brew about 3-4 minutes.