Obesity leads to diabetesDiabetes, impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance more common for obese people than for people of normal weight.
A study conducted in the United States on a group of 100,000 people showed that the risk of developing type 2 diabetes is 30-40 times higher in people whose BMI exceeds 35 kg / m² than in people with a BMI below 22 kg / m². The relationship between obesity and diabetes is confirmed by statistics - as much as 90 percent. patients with type 2 diabetes struggling with obesity.
One of the strongest factors that determine the appearance of the disease are abdominal obesity, which is characterized by accumulation of fat inside the abdominal cavity. The amount of fat can be measured by the Talio-hip, densitometry, or computed tomography. The greater the amount of fat, the faster generation of insulin resistance and production of too much fatty acids.
Depending however, they are not linear and are largely related to the degree of general obesity. For the development of diabetes much more importance is the duration of obesity, changes in the degree of overweight, as well as the age and current weight patients. To create an effective plan of treatment should take into account all the above elements.
Warning! Keep in mind that the causes of obesity in patients with diabetes are the resulting hereditary predisposition to obesity, but the main reason for the development of problems with the weight is too large intake of calories. Obesity causes problems with the control of diabetes, which in turn contributes to worse use of insulin by the body.
Diet in diabetes
Daily diabetic diet should be full of soluble fiber, vegetable or vegetables, fruits, non-greasy fish and wholemeal bread. There is no incentive while consuming large amounts of animal fat and red meat. Patients should also avoid foods that contain easily digestible sugars.
Dietary treatment is therefore directed at the reduction of weight, which is gradual and modest decrease in body weight. Of course, a diet, do not forget about maintaining a balance between the number of meals and basis weight and energy expenditure.
The diet should therefore be assisted exercise - only because we maintain a normal weight and will reduce the amount of fat in the body.
Exercise is beneficial for many reasons. They help reduce blood sugar levels, lower blood pressure and reduce the body's need for insulin. Just practice already 20 minutes during the day to reduce postprandial hyperglycemia and basic. It must be remembered that the exercise should not be too burdensome, because this may result in hypoglycemia.