Life and functioning of liver disease
Proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins in the liver are in various states of biochemical transformations. Therefore, for the treatment and operation of the sick, inefficient liver is very important to proper diet. Let's examine how to care for a sick liver, and most importantly, how well the function of the liver disease.
According to the medical patient has a crucial impact on the nutritional and pharmacological action in chronic liver diseases such as the condition with a history of viral hepatitis, chronic inflammation, chronic toxic liver damage (especially in alcoholics), cirrhosis and several pathological conditions rarer.
People complaining of liver every day should keep in mind that can eat bread stale, from the previous day and not disposable, which contains a lot of fiber is not indicated for the proper functioning of the liver. Also, do not eat coarse grits that are better to replace them with small, such as couscous.
Diseased liver does not like the content of all food legumes and cabbage, onions and garlic, because these vegetables enhance bloating. Cook, uncovered, should be, allowing you to release substances that cause bloating. You should also limit sugary foods and salty.
On the carpet are also hard to digest plums and pears. Best not to eat raw fruits only baked or boiled. Keep in mind that for sufferers of liver diseases, using a slightly digestible diet is not recommended eating foods hot and cold because extreme temperatures adversely affect the consistency of the fat that consumed the food reaches the liver.
When planning your diet, keep in mind that these patients have associated symptoms such as bloating, loss of appetite, digestive disorders, etc. The nutrition situation should not be schematic, and adapted to the situation and as varied. Ideally, if the patient eats 5 meals a day.
Example of a typical diet in chronic liver diseases
Semolina milk or broth with vegetables, bread mixed - wheat bread and viennoiseries, butter, pasta with cottage cheese and tomatoes, honey, drink the wild rose.
Jelly fish, bread, apple sauce, vanilla.
Vegetable soup with cast dough, meatballs of veal, cooked carrots, lettuce green glade yogurt, mashed potatoes, apple compote.
Cocktail milky vegetable and fruit, biscuits.
Dumplings, salad with apples, tea.
It is extremely important in diseases of the liver is serving food at certain times of the day and appropriate intervals. Ideally, if the interval between meals is 2.5-3.5 hours. Such a process helps the body to digest the food you eat, and thus is significantly accelerated the healing process.
Nine basic principles of good nutrition in liver disease
1 Do not ingest even the smallest amount of alcohol.
2 The diet must be varied.
3 In the menu to be incorporated into dishes containing vitamins.
4 Never exceed the predicted daily energy.
5 Day nutritional ration should be divided into 5 or 6 servings.
6 Meals should be tailored to the phase of the disease and the patient's condition.
7 Meals are prepared as best cooked (or steamed or baked) - never fried.
8 It should exclude all products too greasy or flatulence products.
9 Do not use hot spices.
A key task in any diet is choosing the right products. It is also important to prepare and provide tasty meals. The diet in most diseases of the liver and gallbladder to forget about fried foods, baked with added fat. Preferred while food is cooked, boiled and minced, stewed, baked in parchment paper or aluminum foil.
For the preparation of dietary meals should be selected high quality products, that is fresh and healthy. This is particularly important in those patients who do not tolerate milk, which is the most important next to eggs, meat and milk cereal product providing protein. Added to this is appropriate for the current state of health and the kind of work the amount of mineral materials, energy and vitamin supplements.
Sources of fats. For an adult need for fat is about 70 g per day. Half of this requirement should cover the fats of animal origin and the other half of fats of vegetable origin. Fats contain more unsaturated fatty acids and vitamins are: olive oil, vegetable oils , butter, cream, high-quality margarine. Always avoid solid fats with a high content of saturated fatty acids, ie, lard, bacon, bacon, inferior species of vegetable margarine and butter .
Sources of protein are high quality products of animal and vegetable. These include: meat, poultry, cereals, fish and chicken eggs and cheese and with good tolerance of the milk.
People with the right body weight protein rich diet with restriction of fats is to provide 2400-2800 calories a day. In contrast, malnourished persons who become ill due to lost weight is recommended to provide 3000 kcal. Protein should provide 15-20 % of energy. In order to achieve this value, you must accept the laying diet an average of 1.3-1.5 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight.
Sources of vitamins and mineral salts are found in various foods, but most of their butter, milk and in raw fruits and vegetables. Vitamins provide the correct course of many on endogenous processes of the human body. The most important for humans mineral compounds, in addition to calcium and phosphorous compounds are salts of iron, copper and magnesium. The remaining elements of the body are required in small quantities and therefore often are referred to as trace elements. In order to fully protect against the lack of these elements, you should try as much as possible to diversify the types of products consumed.
The more general dietary recommendations in diseases of the liver are summarized below. Let's find out what you should avoid , and what we eat in the case of diseased liver .
What can eat , depends on the severity of the disease and the type of accidents that suffer from liver . You have to remember that a diet determined by your doctor , and he controls the state of our health. Must take into account not only the capacity of the liver, but also the existence of dietary deficiency or malnutrition . Therefore, the recommendations are variable. Let us now examine how diet should look like in different liver diseases.
In the process of recovery nutrition plays a huge role. During this time, be careful of attacks " the wolf of hunger", which can lead to overweight and obesity. Are particularly at risk are patients after liver transplantation .