Symptoms and treatment of hepatitis B
What is hepatitis B?It is an infection caused by a virus attacking the liver and causing very serious illness. Since the infection to onset of symptoms the patient may take between 6 weeks to 6 month.
This disease is called acute hepatitis B.
Some people who become infected with the virus have no symptoms. If symptoms are already there, it can be:
fever, nausea, fatigue, bloated stomach pain, jaundice (yellow skin and eyes ), dark urine, and rash.
Caution! The majority of patients with hepatitis B recover, but it may only be made after six months, or even later. Oosby to return to health after illness does not spread the infection.
Some do not feel bad , but their blood is still infected with the virus.
Caution! In some people, hepatitis B develops a very serious condition and can lead to liver failure or problems with the long-term organ.
What is chronic hepatitis B?
Some patients never fail to get rid of the hepatitis B virus and the infected can remain a lifetime and to make matters worse infect others.
Caution! This chronic hepatitis B, a person suffering from this ailment is called. "Carriers".
You can feel good for life and do not have symptoms of a damaged liver. Some people may develop a more serious disease, such as cirrhosis of the liver, the liver failure or cancer.
Caution! Patients with hepatitis B may also suffer from hepatitis A or C.
Is hepatitis B can be treated?As for acute hepatitis B, there is no, the special treatment.
There are drugs that reduce the risk of developing serious liver disease.
Caution! Family physician should refer the patient to a specialist who will perform liver tests and assess whether medications can help here.
How can I take care of my liver?First of all, take care of the liver:
- do not drink alcohol, because it can damage the liver;
- if you are a carrier of hepatitis B, your GP should refer you to a specialist for the study of liver and determine whether drugs can help;
- should be regularly visit a doctor;
- before taking any new medicine, check after consulting with your doctor medicines available without a prescription and herbal preparations;
- should be assessed for the presence of hepatitis C and see if you should be vaccinated against the virus of type A;
- need to be vaccinated every year against influenza.
How can I become infected with hepatitis B?
The virus that cause disease spread by contact with blood or body fluids of an infected person.
Hepatitis B can become infected by:
- intercourse with a person to be infected with hepatitis B;
- sharing needles or syringes;
- use of non-sterilized needles for body piercing, tattoos;
- acupuncture, electrolysis, shaving or use of needles used;
- the use of common razors, toothbrushes, washcloths, towels or nail scissors, which may be blood or body fluids;
- contact with bleeding wounds or cuts on the body of an infected person;
- working in the health sector requires contact with infected blood or body fluids;
- residence of the person to be infected with hepatitis B;
- have parents who are carriers of hepatitis B.
Can I infect others hepatitis B?Other people may become infected with the hepatitis B patient through contact with the blood, semen or vaginal fluids. The virus moves as a result of being bitten.
Caution! In addition to the body of the virus remains viable for up to 1 week.
People who are in close contact with the patient (partner, family or any person living with him under the same roof) should have a blood test, the purpose of which is to check whether they are infected with hepatitis B.
Does the vaccine against hepatitis B is safe?Yes. It is effective and safe. Therefore, anyone who has contact with patients can protect themselves by adopting the vaccine.
It is usually given in three doses over a family doctor - the first visit, a month later, and six months after the first dose.
Sometimes they are administered at shorter intervals. For some people it might prove necessary, additional doses of vaccine to ensure adequate protection. Very few people do not respond to the vaccine and does not receive protection.
How can I protect other people from becoming infected hepatitis BThe recommendations, which must be followed to protect other people:
• Shield with all the cuts and open wounds with a bandage or a plaster bandage.
• Thoroughly wash hands after contact with blood or body fluids.
• Place fabric or other items contaminated with blood or body fluids in a bag before throwing them in the trash.
• Remove the stain of blood. Then again, clear data space using bleach ( in the proportion of one dose of household bleach per 10 doses of water).
• Do not use shared toothbrushes, razors , needles, body piercing, nail files, clippers, nail clippers, washcloths or towels.
• If you are taking drugs, should give up their injection or use the rehab program. Do not use together with others drugs, needles, syringes, cotton wool or wash dishes.
• Do not donate blood, plasma, organs, tissue or semen.
• the patient's sexual partner is at risk for infection with the hepatitis B should tell your sexual partner ( partners) that you are infected with hepatitis B. They must go to the doctor for a blood test and see if they are infected . If there is no infection, they should be vaccinated. After the vaccination, a blood test used to check whether there is adequate protection. You should use condoms until the partner obtain protection.
• Other persons living with patients are at risk. The patient must inform all persons living with him that they should go to the doctor to examine the blood and immunization.
• In the future, should be notified of all new sexual partners and any new persons living together with the patient , the need for a blood test and acceptance of the vaccine.
• If the patient is a small child, it must be vaccinated at birth.
• People exposed to the blood of the patient can protect against hepatitis B, quickly taking appropriate measures. They should go to your GP or A & E and tell him that he has been in contact with hepatitis B. You will then injection of immunoglobulin HBIG and begin a series of vaccinations against hepatitis B.
• The patient must inform your family doctor and dentist that you are infected with hepatitis B.
Caution! The patient should not have to give up custody of children, school, work or other activities due to infection.
Hepatitis B can be transmitted by :
sneezing or coughing;
kissing or hugging;
food or water;
common use dishes or glasses;
occasional contacts (eg at work ).