Flatulence - causes and how to prevent them?Flatulence - frequent abdominal discomfort that arises when accumulated in the gut fluids and gases do not want to continue to move through the digestive system.
They cause an unpleasant sensation of fullness and abdominal spreading while widening the waist. Sometimes accompanied by painful cramps and colic. When digestion in the digestive system is slow, the food begins to spread and cause the production of fermented in the small gas flaring.
Digestion of foodIt begins in the mouth (action digestive enzymes exhibit in saliva). The food here is shredded and mixed with saliva. In further sections of the gastrointestinal tract transported food is subjected to complex reactions - first in the stomach, and later in the duodenum and the intestines.
The proper course of digestion is essential proper operation of the entire digestive tract. There should be proper arrangement of digestive juices, the presence of all the necessary enzymes to digest food. The colossal importance to the proper transport of food here, because if ingesta moves too fast, the food is thoroughly digested, and in turn slow the pace of the passage is the reason for its retention and fermentation in the intestines. The result of this process are produced in the intestine flaring gases (gases, constipation).
Causes of flatulenceThe reason for the accumulation of intestinal gas may be swallowing excess air while eating fast food, drink and conversation during the meal .
This may be also increased salivation (eg, chewing gum ) and stress , mental anxiety. The air behind the stomach, where it is excreted out in the form of reflection - but part of the air passes on to the intestines. With each act of swallowing to the stomach gets about 2-3 millimeters of air. A deep breath can be a reason to move to 1-2 ml of air into the stomach .
Flatulence can also lead to drinking sodas because they contained the carbon dioxide is absorbed in the small intestine and then excreted through the lungs, the exhale .
As above for proper digestion is necessary correct the digestive juices, or the presence of all the necessary enzymes to digest food. For example, lack of sufficient intestinal lactase ( the enzyme that digests lactose - drunk sugar present in milk and milk products ), causes the ferment lactose, which is associated with an increase in gas pressure in certain parts of the intestine . A deficiency can affect some other enzyme, such as exocrine pancreatic insufficiency ( pancreas produces enzymes - it is " inefficient ", ill - lack of some digestive enzymes ) .
A similar symptom cause undigested residues of certain foods (especially peas, beans, cabbage, cauliflower ), which remain in the large intestine. They potentiate the formation of gas in the large intestine as a result of their decomposition by bacteria.
For most people suffering from troublesome bloating air volume in the gastrointestinal tract is not increased, and their symptoms are often a symptom of irritable bowel syndrome. The reason is abnormal motility, mainly nervous .
Other rare causes of bloating is intestinal infection, intestinal obstruction ( life-threatening ) condition after treatment with antibiotics, overgrowth of intestinal flora , gluten-sensitive enteropathy (intolerance to gluten cereals) and others.
How to deal with bloating?
These problems are unfortunately very tedious and often difficult to treat. Patients in addition to feelings of bloating complain of reflection and sell gas - often noisy and smelly, which can be very embarrassing for them.
How can you help? Fortunately, there are a number of ways, and the simplest of these are:
compliance with proper diet, you should give up the foods flaring (eg, beans, peas, cabbage, cauliflower)
meals should be eaten slowly, without haste,
is indicated for a walk after a meal,
avoid activities that cause air swallowing (eg talking while eating, chewing gum)
to avoid drinking soda,
positive effect of herbal teas offer: cumin, fennel, peppermint, these herbs can also be hard to digest food flavor,
avoid nervous, hurried, over-exertion.
When on a visit to the doctor?If bloating occur rarely, are rapidly and are associated with such consumption of large amounts of beans, then you have no more reason to worry, but if not disappear after using home agents are persistent, combined with abdominal pain, diarrhea or constipation, vomiting, lack of appetite, or whether the increased temperature must report immediately to the doctor.
The doctor will try to determine the cause of pain (eg, pancreatic insufficiency, lactase deficiency, gluten-sensitive enteropathy, liver disease, etc.). Then turn causal treatment, eg administration of pancreatic enzymes in their deficiency, recommend a diet deficient in lactase, lactose-free, gluten-free diet in a gluten-sensitive enteropathy, the renewal of the bacterial flora after antibiotic treatment. It always his knowledge will help you in finding the right diet.