Type 2 diabetesType 2 diabetes is a chronic condition, whereby the body of the patient ceases to produce enough insulin or becomes resistant to it.
What is insulin?Insulin is the hormone responsible for transferring sugar (glucose) to all cells. If this hormone can not fulfill its function, then the blood sugar level varies greatly. When it is too high, it damages the blood vessels and powered by the authorities, and as much falls, it destroys nerves, and it may also stop life-threatening coma.
Currently, there is no drug that would fully cured diabetes. However, thanks to a well-developed therapy, the patient can keep blood sugar in check and feel, and function like a healthy human being into old age.
Learn as much as possible about diabetesThe most important information you get from your family doctor with whom the patient has most frequent contact during therapy. Additional support will give you a diabetologist (get to him directing), which specializes in treatment of diabetes. You will also receive a contact to a dietician or nurse of outpatient diabetes education.
It may also happen (this will depend on your state of health) that will require consultation with other specialists (ophthalmologist, dentist, surgeon, physiotherapist).
This will check if diabetes is not already caused some complications. When that happened, it will be possible to limit changes made by the disease.
What to do to make it right?
Diabetes is a disease that does not affect only one organ, the disease affects the whole body of the patient.
Maintaining good condition to provide comprehensive to provide therapy.
Your doctor will advise you:
diet to prevent violent fluctuations of sugar, while also allowing shedding excess weight. Losing weight is very important because obesity increases the resistance of cells to insulin. It does not mean that you will have to give up all that tasty. Simply experts teach you:
- how often you eat,
- what size should be portions,
- how to compose meals,
and the menu is varied and healthy.
ABC diabetic dietThere is no uniform diet for all diabetics. The menu should be selected individually taking into account weight, height, age, physical activity and your preferences. Meals during the day should be evenly spread out, and the intervals between one meal and the other can not be longer than 3 hours.
The key diabetic diet is to choose the right products in a proportionate manner. Here you may find useful new technologies and mobile applications that adapt the diet to individual needs of diabetics. When you purchase products, we must pay attention to aspects such as product composition, nutritional value, or the glycemic index.
The basic ingredients of a diabetic dietDiabetic diet can not do without wholemeal bread, brown rice or buckwheat. These components include essential for any organism carbohydrates and starch, which are the main source of energy. It is important to avoid consumption of all kinds of confectionery, consisting of the so-called. simple carbohydrates.
However, in the case of separating or injection of too much insulin it is desirable to eat a small amount of sweetness thus increasing the level of blood sugar. Another key component of the diabetic diet are omega-3 and omega-6. They occur in all sorts of fish, olive oil or sunflower seeds and perfectly replace the adverse diabetic animal fats ie. Butter, cream and lard.
The amount of protein in your daily diet doctor should decide, but it is important that the ratio of animal protein (poultry, lean fish, pork), vegetable protein (beans, soybeans, peas) was 1: 1.
Examples of diabetic menuProperly selected menu will certainly make the fight against disease and diversify the diet of every diabetic. Although the menu should be determined individually it is advisable to review sample proposals divided into individual meals.
At the start of the day we take care of light and nutritious breakfast, during which reigns whole wheat bread and dairy supplying us with large amounts of complex carbohydrates and protein.
The first proposal for a diabetic breakfast consists of two slices of rye bread, fat cottage cheese, two leaves of lettuce, radishes, chicory coffee, and the other contains a wholemeal roll, a natural cream cheese, a handful of fresh berries and red tea.
In order to maintain an appropriate level of glucose in the blood is worth a snack between breakfast and lunch. An example of a lunch can be yogurt with fruit and seeds from the pumpkin or salad with citrus. After a light meal it was time for a nutritious lunch consisting of tomato soup, meatballs poultry and barley or cucumber soup, fish baked in foil, buckwheat and pig with cabbage.
On the afternoon it is proposed multivegetable a glass of juice or salad vegetables (eggplant, zucchini, tomato, celery). Dinner, like breakfast should not be hard. An example of a suitable dinner prices may be salad with egg or fruit salad with pineapple, peach and apricot.
Physical activity with diabetes
Drugs with diabetesInitially, you will probably take oral agents that stimulate the production of insulin, increase the digestibility of the cell or lowering blood sugar levels. However, it may sometimes be necessary to introduce insulin. It does not mean that it is wrong with you. It is a very effective therapy, so it is recommended that the number of patients with type 2 diabetes.
Regular testing with diabetesExamine regularly measuring the glucose level is essential. Your doctor will tell you about the frequency of this study (number of patients does it before every meal and at bedtime). The study carried out by yourself, and it serves the meter. It handles it very simply (teaches you this doctor). On this page you can ask about the details of professionals.
Warning! In addition to daily blood sugar testing will also study. Every six months you will have to measure blood pressure and check the level of glycosylated hemoglobin in the blood (the result shows the average glucose level over the past 2-3 months)
At least once a year, you will need to submit to an ophthalmologist and examine urine and blood (serum creatinine and the level of cholesterol and triglycerides).
Good to know60 - 99 mg / dl - normal fasting glucose levels in healthy humans.
126 mg / dL - when at least two out such studies or higher blood glucose fasting, we are talking about diabetes.