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Monday, December 30, 2013

What is a colonoscopy?

Colonoscopy - how the study?

Colonoscopy is one of the most important preventive testing over 50 years of age. Everyone should do it once in 10 years, because in this study can not only see the inside of the large intestine, but remove polyps, which could arise in the future colorectal cancer, which one of the deadliest types of cancer.

Colonoscopy - three days before the test

You have to change your diet to digestible. It must be based on white rice that you have to cook soft, cream soups, pudding, cooked meat, fish, clear beverages. You need to avoid foods rich in fiber, fruits and vegetables and you can also eat grains (such as bread with wholemeal), flaxseed, nuts and poppy, because their particles could erase the image during the test, or prevent them.

Colonoscopy - the day before

On this day, you can eat only breakfast and is preferably in the form of liquid or semi-liquid (eg remastered soup, jelly, cream cheese).

Note! In any case, you can not eat raw vegetables, fruit and drink carbonated beverages and milk.

Colonoscopy - bowel cleansing

On the day preceding the test that will be taken laxatives (eg Fortrans).

Preparation: Dissolve sachet 4 in 4 liters of water.

Starting at 15, for 5-6 hours to drink all of the solution.
Fortrans operates effectively even at very lazy (atonic) gut, but unfortunately there are not too pleasant taste.

Can also be used to empty the bowel Fleet Phospho-soda (liquid to be mixed with water). Two bottles should be ingested drug and moreover, within a few hours-at least two liters of still water.

Colonoscopy - gently, without pain

From the moment in which it can begin to take laxatives, you can not move away from home, because some of the specifics start to work after a few minutes.

After these drugs comes to a few, and sometimes even several bowel movements, but not accompanied by abdominal pain.

Note! The normal reaction is the appearance of almost pure water - a sign that the intestines are already well prepared, but if it does not, then the next morning you can still apply in case an enema.

Colonoscopy - on test

You can not eat anything, but you can drink water (not later than seven hours before the test). You need to come to the office for half an hour before the test, I will be talking with your doctor.

Note! You have to remember to bring your referral and medical records, for example, descriptions of previous studies, or EKG, ultrasound. You need to write down the name and dose of medication.

Colonoscopy - anesthesia or local anesthesia?

The test is performed in a short anesthesia or local anesthesia, for some patients narcosis is not recommended.

Note! If treatment is to be held without sleep, you can not panic, because colonoscopy is not painful.

Colonoscopy - after test

You have a lot to drink to rehydrate. You can not drive a car, because you can have problems with concentration and, therefore, it is necessary to call a loved one or a taxi.

Colonoscopy - the course of study

You do not need to worry about this, the need to strip to the waist. Before colonoscopy gets shorts and fleece them remain until the end of the study.

The doctor inserts into the anus of the patient lying on the side or on the back of the probe (colonoscope). It is a flexible hose which ends with a micro. The interior is illuminated with fiber optics intestine, so that the doctor can accurately be viewed on the monitor.

To extend the intestinal lumen during the test, the intestine is forced air. Therefore, you can have then flatulence, but it quickly passed.

Note! Colonoscopy is the only test in which tissue can be downloaded for further diagnosis.
Contraindications: severe bowel disease, a large aneurysm of the aorta, and the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.

For those who, instead of a few liters of tasteless solution will quickly drink a bitter medicine, a good option is the laxative preparation X-prep.

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